The Writing’s on the Wall

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Vincent van Guaka: Guaka has a terrible fear of drawing due to pressure from his dad for him to make a better life for himself

I must say I’m partial to some graffiti, hidden in alleyways, brightening up the grey walls along train lines. They’re technically beautiful and a simple image can harbour some seriously dense meaning. But you have to know what to look for and where to find it.

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Bright and eye-catching, if nothing else it is visually stunning.

Decertor is a street artist based in Lima. He burst onto the street art scene with his politically charged murals of deceased Lima gang members.

His work speaks to Peruvians through symbolism. Pre-columbian imagery, categorised as ‘traditional’ folk art, is the dark-skinned faces of natives, traditional garb (see last post) and the brightly coloured patterns of ceramics and textiles. He loudly proclaims social issues in Peru’s capital: identity, immigration, poverty and social inequality.

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Mural in the city of El Tambu

His strong aesthetic and activist ideals have become familiar to locals and graffiti lovers alike. For a short period city officials encouraged street art production in street art festivals, until a change in power saw some famous graffiti murals ‘cleaned up’. Locals and artists were outraged at the loss.

As a tourist attraction, graffiti does work. Walking tours in Melbourne are prime examples, but sadly graffiti is not marketed and valued as an attraction to Peru.

Although it is definitely an attractive aspect of the cities. Even without the cultural and political background knowledge, tourists walk the streets and photograph the murals hidden in the city. It becomes an interaction – a story – that they create as they explore, just like inhabitants of the city experience them in their daily lives.

Street art reminds travellers to explore beyond the ‘must-sees’ in a city and think critically about what they find.

 

Undressing Peru

History hidden in Textiles

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Project Poncho: Students have to create a poncho for a fashion parade. Kuzco tries to cheat.

 

When choosing a symbol of Peru, Machu Piccu or Llamas seem like the only options.

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Phew. This is definitely a more overtly symbolic picture of Peru that I can understand .

But intricately woven in the history, identity and way of life is Peruvian traditional dress, so much so it is a national symbol that promotes Peru to the world.

The fine weaving techniques date back to the Paracas people (600BC – 100BC). Products they created were highly prized and respected for their spiritual value in Andean tradition.

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A Paracas manta (heavy shawl) dating around 200 BCE. The Paracas are considered to be the finest examples of textiles in the Pre-columbian period and were well preserved due to their use in burial rituals.

Even when the Spanish invaded, they retained traditions by fusing Incan and colonial style, seen in the black pleated skirt, pollera.

Variance in garments, particularly women’s monteras (Quechua for hat), traditionally signify belonging to a specific region or village and in the case of the pollera, can even signify ethnicity.

In colder regions we’d find the (now famous) chullo rather than straw hats. Polleras were decorated with a certain colour belt, flowers or coloured embroidery and Ponchos varied by fibre, colour and length: heavy ponchos in Cajamarca, short and red in Cuzco and costal regions were cotton or vicuña fibre.

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Dance also called for specific types of dress. The Mirr danzantes de tijeras or ‘scissors dancers’ featured mirrors and embroidered their deity on their back. I’m sure there’s some really amazing information here.

The resourcefulness of the Peruvians is admirable, locals using shearings from their Alpaca heard as the main fibre and making sandals out of tyres.

Peruvian people are incredibly proud of their ancient textile tradition. Tourism has helped keep it alive – it helps that clothing not only sells as a symbol of Peruvian identity but is a commodity that travellers consume.

This has benefits in that local communities are supported, especially the women who weave the textiles. However the meaning of the symbol can get lost, with travellers expecting to see all Peruvians in traditional dress upon arrival or assuming its exactly what the Inca’s wore.

Make sure you travel with an open mind!